Municipal Profile

SHORT POLITICAL HISTORY:

The whole island group of Polillo, Panukulan and Burdeos, and the island of Jomalig and Patnangunan were used to be referred to as the Polillo Island group in the olden times. Burdeos become independent town on June 12, 1948 in accordance to RA 250; Panukulan on June 12, 1959 as provided with RA 2452; and Jomalig and Patnangunan on June 18, 1961 with respect to RA 3372 and RA 3373 respectively. 

Polillo is identified as “Polo” in the maps engraved as early as 1734. It is acquired by Laguna from Nueva Ecija in 1858 and was included as town of Quezon (then Tayabas) on June 12, 1902. It was on 1635 that friars first visited Polillo via Infanta. It was under the care of the Augustinian Fathers in 1658 until 1703. It was then the center for the government of Polillo. Beginning 1800 it was under the village administration of the “Capitanes del Pueblo”, although the main function to administer was left to the priest.

It was on 1898 that the transition from“Capitanes del Pueblo” to town presidente happened in the person of BASILIO TENA/ CAPITAN DEL PUEBLO(1896-1898) and PRESIDENTE(1902-1904). It was then that Balisin island ownership was contested by Mauban, Perez and Alabat..  then  next was JULIAN RUTAQUIO/ PRESIDENTE(1910-1913); and GAUDENCIO HERNANDEZ/ PRESIDENTE(1913-1916) then the son of  BASILIO TENA,  JULIAN TENA/PRESIDENTE(1916-1919); then DEOGRACIAS CALLEJA/ PRESIDENTE(1922-1925) ; LORENZO G. ELMA /PRESIDENTE (1928-1934) ; PEDRO RUTAQUIO/PRESIDENTE MUNICIPAL(1934-1938)/ and was the first MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1938-1940) then DR. MAMERTO P. AZARIAS/ALCALDE(1946-1955); BUENAVENTURA MOPERA/MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1957-1963) ;SANTIAGO AZAULA / MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1963-1967) ; CRISOSTOMO VERZO/ MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1970-1971) ; ISIDRO P. AZARIAS/MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1972-1978) ; PONCIANO “ABE” TAN/  MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1978-1980) ; JUAN D. OVALLES /MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1980-1986) ;  when the national government transition via people power as the Marcos regime was toppled by the widow of Ninoy Aquino putting into power Corazon Aquino, Acting mayors were appointed; and former municipal secretary Rosendo Escara is the acting mayor from 1986 to 1988. Then on the election of May 1988 NECERINA T. AZAGRA become the  MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1988-1992) – the first lady Mayor of Polillo, after 3 years ROSENDO ESCARA/ won as the MUNICIPAL MAYOR (1992-1995)  ; ATTY. OFELIA G. REYES  / MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1995-1998) – The centennial Mayor  ; DORIS G. ALMEDA/ MUNICIPAL MAYOR(1998-2001)  and to the present is ;  ENGR. ISARME A. BOSQUE /MUNICIPAL MAYOR- (2001-2004) 1ST TERM / (2004-2007) 2ND TERM and (2007-2010) 3RD TERM .. Th e only mayor to break the record of being re-elected and the first to finished the 3 term limit allowed to a municipal mayor.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FOUNDING OF POLILLO :

Chinese merchants who traded with the natives of the islands, long before the advent of the Spaniards in the Philippines, called the place “PU LI LU” which in their own language means  “beautiful island with plenty of food”.    An account narrates that as early as 1571 the place was already under the control of the Spaniard friars who built the first Catholic church in the island sometime in 1587. This is then the date the Polillians reckoned the founding of the town of Polillo.  The town had been called PU LI LU until the early part of the 17th century when a certain Padre Domingo changed it to “Polillo” due to the difficulty of Spanish tongue in pronouncing the Chinese word.  In 1635 the area formed its own parish under the administration of one Padre Jose de San Bernardo.  Polillo, as the entire group of islands was called, also referred to the pueblo (town), built with surrounding walls, about 15 meters in height and 2 meters in width, made of corals and limestone, located more or less 18 nautical miles east of the port of Real, Quezon.  To protect the inhabitants from Moro pirates coming from the south,  the construction of the wall of the community  started  sometime  in  1869  through  forced  labor,  the  exact location of the walled pueblo is now a part of Brgy. Poblacion of the municipality of Polillo, Quezon.  Although concrete buildings already occupy the area, resembling those modern houses in the urban areas of the mainland of Luzon, relics of the wall are still standing today as reminders of the upbringing of Polillo as a town, and Polillians as a people of rich cultural values and traditions.

THE ISLAND

The Island ranks as the 16th among the largest islands in the Philippines; and is the biggest of the 27 islands and islets comprising the Polillo archipelago, a group of islands situated in Lamon Bay off the north eastern coast of Luzon. The Polillo Group of Islands, is referred to the islands of Polillo, Patnanungan, Jomalig, Palasan, Balesin and other islets within the territorial waters of the group of islands.  Polillo Island itself, comprises the towns of Polillo, Burdeos and Panukulan.

Location

The Municipality of Polillo is a part of the Polillo Group of Islands about 30 kilometers off the Northeastern coast of Quezon Province at 14 degrees 43 minutes North Latitude and 121 degrees East Longitude. Polillo is located about 18 miles off the Eastern Coast of Luzon  and It is geographically bounded by the Municipality of Panukulan and partly by the Municipality of Burdeos on the North; Then by Lamon Bay and partly by the Municipality of Burdeos on the East; and Lamon Bay on the Southeast and West. It is 15 miles west of the municipality of Infanta and 17 miles northern west of the municipality of Real, Quezon. It can be reached by motorboats three hours via Real-Polillo in the Ungos Port and a little bit shorter via Infanta-Polillo.

TRADE:

Trade relations between the natives of the Polillo Islands and Chinese merchants existed long before the Spanish conquerors came to the archipelago. Trade was a conglomeration of Malay-Hindu-Chinese-Tagalog

ORIGIN OF THE NAME POLILLO:

Padre Morga wrote that Polillo originated from the Chinese word "Pulilu", which means beautiful island with plenty of food. When Juan de Salcedo, a Spanish conqueror came to Polillo in 1567, he saw a central government fully organized through the Balangay, with a datu who had a direct supervision and control over all the natives. The inhabitants lived in nipa huts. Spanish conquistadores were assigned to the "pueblo" of Pu Li Lu to promote church construction. The church tower was constructed with priority, so that in 1587, in the early summer of May, two huge bronze bells rang atop. Due to language problems, Padre Domingo changed Pu Li Lu to Polillo.

THE CHURCH. 

In 1571 the Spaniards took hold of the islands of Pu Li Lu. Through the leadership of Padre Domingo, a Spanish friar, a chapel was built, where the old Spanish church was later constructed. After one and a half years, the people, through forced labor built a concrete wall to protect the "pueblo" of Pu Li Lu from moro pirate invaders.  Watchtowers called "castillos" were erected in the four corners of the pueblo. The church was constructed using Boulders, gravel and sand  mixed with lime produced out of seashells and coral stones. Padre Domingo instigated the planting of sugar cane in San Isidro, San Antonio and San Francisco.  Production of molasses was put into full swing.

THE  POLILLIANS

From the cross-breed of pure tagalog Filipino-Spanish and Filipino-Chinese kinfolk, the genuine Polillians are typically friendly, hospitable and fun loving people and are known to be sentimental and passionate on family ties.  The influence of the Spanish regime is still very apparent in their culture and religious practices.

LANGUAGES

A Polillian has a distinct intonation, but everybody can speak Tagalog. Next prominent languages are English, Bicol and Visayan. It has become a migration from people in the nearby regions. Bicolanos by boat from Camarines province and other ethnic groups.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

LAND AREA

Polillo is politically subdivided into seventeen (17) coastal and three (3) inland barangays.  Based on the NEDA definition, four (4) of them could be classified as urban and sixteen (16) as rural barangays.

Different government agencies have different records as to the land area of the municipality is concerned.  The following records show the discrepancies that are to be dealt with to come up with accurate and acceptable figure:

Agency 

Recorded Land Area  (in Hectares)

CAD 955-D approved on 1987 by the Bureau of Lands

28748.6

National Statistic Office (NSO)

28,800

Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)

27,227

Department of Agriculture (DA)

28,748.6

Department of Budget and Management (DBM)

25,300

The latest data as adopted by DBM is the basis  for the internal Revenue Allotment (IRA)

As of now, the municipalities of Polillo, Panukulan and Burdeos, Quezon are also encountering difficulties in determining the actual boundaries and land area of each municipality, prompting local officials to create a composite Technical Working Group, composed of representations from each municipality, to come up with accurate and acceptable boundaries and land areas that is based on actual survey of duly authorized agencies. 

Table No. 3 

Land Area Per Barangay

Barangay

Sitios

Land Area (In has.)

Urban

   

Poblacion

 

640.0

   Rural

   

Binibitinan

Binibitinan munti, Danglin

5,700.0

Taluong

Quidanum

1880

Salipsip

 

1,500.0

Anawan

Boboyog, Tugpan

720.0

Tamulaya

Anibong

550.0

Sibulan

San Francisco, Tambangin, Bigyan

1,980.0

Libjo

Pulo, Lubi and corregidor

680.0

Bucao

 

560.0

Sabang

Danao

510.0

Kalubakis

Paubay, Agta

1,100.0

Bislian

Daet, Bislian Munti

1,160.0

Pamatdan

 

1,780.0

Languyin

Macnit

2,350.0

Canicanian

 

1,060.0

Pilion

 

400.0

Pinaglubayan

 

2,050.0

Bañadero

 

1,080.0

Atulayan

 

2,300.0

Balesin Island

 

748.6

TOTAL

 

27748.6

Cad 955-d REFERENCE

LAND USE

The Land area of Polillo is basically utilized for agricultural purposes.  Coconut, rice and banana are the major crops grown.  Fifty nine percent (59%) of the total land area about 17,000 hectares is used for agricultural purposes.

Table No. 1

EXISTING GENERAL LAND USE

Classification

Area Occupied

(In has)

Percentage in Total

Land Area

Built-up

8624.5

30.00%

Industrial

1409.42

5.00%

Agro-livestock

   

Agriculture

17014.6

61.00%

Open Grassland

837.48

3.00%

Water bodies

   

Other (roads utilities, etc)

287.79

1.00%

T  o  t  a  l

 

100.00%

Land Status

Area Occupied

(In has)

Percentage in Total

Land Area

Classified A & D

12,000

42.32%

Titled A & D

1,335.6474

4.80%

untitled/ unsurveyed  A & D

8,000

2.88%

Forest land

13,750

49.55%

protected areas

1,840.00 

6.63%

Urban expansion area:

20.00 

0.07%

Source: DENR

Table No. 2

IRRIGATION SYSTEMS

Location

Type of Irrigation

Area Served

Sta. Maria, Bañadero

CIS

60 Has.

Sibulan

CIS

25 Has.

So. Bigyan, Sibulan

CIS

14 Has.

San Isidro, Brgy. Libjo

CIS

40 Has.

Sitio Agata, Kalubakis

CIS

20 Has.

Bislian Malaki

CIS

20 Has.

Bislian Munti

CIS

15 Has.

Canicanian

CIS

38 Has.

Pilion

CIS

39 Has.

Taluong

CIS

18 Has.

Tamulaya

CIS

14 Has.

So. Anibong

CIS

22 Has.

So. Taluto, Brgy. Atulayan

DD

19 Has.

So. Buyon, brgy. Bañadero

DD

40 Has.

Taluong

DD

18 Has.

Salipsip

DD

16 Has.

So. Bubuyog, Brgy. Anawan

DD

15 Has.

So. Tugpan, Brgy. Anawan

DD

21 Has.

Bislian Munti

DD

8 Has.

       Source: Office of the Municipal Agriculturist 

Polillo, Quezon

THE LOCAL CONSERVATION AREA

The Local Conservation Area (LCA) concept was an innovation developed by the Polillo Islands Biodiversity Conservation Inc. (PIBCFI) in collaboration with the Local Government Units of Polillo, Panukulan and Burdeos. This had evolved as a local strategy and as an alternative resource management modality in areas where the conventional and nationally driven protected area system may not be appropriate (Gatumbato, E, 2008). 

The identification of such areas is based on the following criteria (1) biological diversity (2) socio- economic and physical characteristics (3) opportunity for conservation and lastly, (4) degree of threat. Since there are a lot of sites which are in dire need of protection, prioritization is done to focus effort on terrestrial forest ecosystem that needs immediate intervention.

For this purpose, 10 areas within mainland Polillo had been identified and declared as Local Conservation Areas. Forty percent of which is to be found in Polillo Municipality. The total forest area covered by the declaration is 1, 624 hectares. This had been institutionalized through the enactment of Municipal Ordinance No. 094- 2007 with the title “Polillo Local Conservation Areas Code of 2007”. 

These are the (1) Macnit-Lumpag LCA covered by the Barangays of Languyin, Pamatdan, Atulayan and Bañadero; (2) Sibulan-Pinaglubayan watershed covered by the Barangays of Sibulan and Pinaglubayan; (3) Mt. Malulod covered by Barangay Pinaglubayan and Tamulaya and; (4) Binibitinan-Taluong Salipsip forest block covered by the Barangays of Binibitinan, Taluong and Salipsip (please refer to attached map). 

The ordinance stipulates the need for the protection of the LCAs. Thus it is necessary that these areas be demarcated on the ground. This will ensure that the protection will be directed to a definite area that is known not only by technical persons but by locals as well. This will also give for an opportunity to determine locals who had tenurial instruments that are present there from. 

TOPOGRAPHY

The Municipality is generally flat with some sloping portion.

  •  Slope 0 – 3% covers an area of 5,925.  These areas include the Poblacion and the Coastal areas and the central part of the municipality. 
  • 3 – 8% slope dominates the largest portion of the municipality covering about 20,000 hectares.
  • 8 – 15% slope are portions of Barangay Bañadero, Bucao, Libjo, eastern part of Kalubakis and Atulayan, part of Canicanian, boundary of Polillo and Panukulan and part of Salipsip and its northern section.

            Forested areas (15% and above slope) could be found at the Northern-Eastern portions, which is generally mountainous.

            The tallest mountain peak of 330 meters is called Mt. Malulod.  It is within the territorial limit of Polillo.  Adjoining mountains extend up to Burdeos to the Northeast and Panukulan to the North.

        There is no significant water body such as lakes and estuaries.   The rivers are non-navigable with low headwaters.

SOIL TYPE

The  soil types that could be found in POlilllo are the following:

  • Castilla Clay; Polillo Sandy Loam; Hydrosol and Mountain Soil (Undifferentiated). 
  • Castilla Clay is brick reddish brown which course granular to blocky clay loam is.  Its depth ranges from                30-40 centimeters.
  • Polillo Sandy Clay Loam which is found in the coastal plains and characterized by its light yellowish brown color and having a depth ranging from 0-60 centimeters.
  • Hydrosol and Undifferentiated Mountain Soils are the other soil types found in the municipality.

LAND CAPABILITY

The land capability classifications in Polillo are the following:

  • Class A – Slope: 0 – 3%;  Soil Depth: >60cm., no erosion to slight erosion.

             Arable land ideal to cultivation but needs essentials farm management practices.

  • Class B – Slope: 3 – 8% ;  Soil Depth: <60 cm., no erosion to moderate erosion.

          Good land for perennial crops and can be cultivated safely, requires easily applicable               conservation practices.

  • Class C – Slope: 8 – 15% ; Soil Depth: <60 cm., moderate erosion.

Moderately good land with moderate soil limitation; must be cultivated with caution; requires management and conservation practices.

  • Class D – Slope: 15% and above ; Soil Depth: <60 cm., moderate to heavy erosion. 

        Very hilly and or mountainous; of poor quality topsoil; should be reserved for a forestation                  and wildlife conservation.

CLIMATE

                Polillo falls under Type II of the PAGASA weather classification.  There is no or very little season with very pronounced maximum rain period from November to January.  Prevailing wind directions are Southeast monsoon.  This starts from May and continues until September while the Northeast monsoon is prevalent from October to April.

                    Typhoons usually visit Polillo during the last quarter of the year.  There are no real reasons as the rain falls all year round.  This makes the area suitable to crops such as coconut, rice, bananas and root crops.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

Demography

The total population of Polillo in 2000 is 24105 and in 2007 is  27,912 that records a growth rate of  1.95% growth annually.  In 1996 the population was 24,610 from a level of 23,167 in 1990.  The population growth of Polillo is characterized by a steady growth increase of over 3.0 percent since 1918 up to 1995.  This trend was punctuated by a sharp decline in 1948 census of 0.72 percent obviously because this includes wartime dissipation of the population. 

During the period 1960’s and 1970’s to 1975, the population registered a steady increase of almost 4.0 percent or average yearly increases ranging from 3.4 to 3.9 percent.  This was the period when in-migration was experienced due to the establishment of big timber corporation, which offered livelihood opportunities for local as well as neighboring town’s residents.  From the late 1970’s to 1980s, the population growth decreased sharply by 0.5 percent and this could be attributed to the out migration of workers and their families when the timber corporation started to resort to retrenchment before finally closing later in the 1980’s.

Population is sporadically distributed among the twenty (20) barangays of the town with concentration of greater population in the Poblacion and other barangays, which are near the Poblacion or where possible opportunities are available.

                  Poblacion topped the list with a registered population iwhile  Barangays with the least population is  Pinaglubayan with , some barangays experienced a decline in population primarily due to migration to the Poblacion or to other nearby town of lack of livelihood opportunities and the continuous threat of typhoon and big waves in their areas of origin.

Table No. 4 population projection

Land

area

(has.)

BARANGAYS

2000

2007

2010

2015

2020

2025

 

POLILLO

24105

27,912

29545

32499

36156

40675

720.0

Anawan

566

777

822

905

1006

1132

2,300.0

Atulayan

975

1,182

1251

1376

1531

1722

748.6

Balesin Island

802

797

844

928

1032

1161

1,080.0

Bañadero

1020

1,893

2004

2204

2452

2759

5,700.0

Binibitinan

898

1,078

1141

1255

1396

1571

1,160.0

Bislian

1346

1,382

1463

1609

1790

2014

560.0

Bucao

656

779

825

907

1009

1135

1060.0

Canicanian

797

863

913

1005

1118

1258

1100.0

Kalubakis

755

767

812

893

994

1118

2350.0

Languyin

1565

1,980

2096

2305

2565

2885

680.0

Libjo

861

1,065

1127

1240

1380

1552

1,780.0

Pamatdan

999

969

1026

1128

1255

1412

400

Pilion

638

650

688

757

842

947

2050.0

Pinaglubayan

420

409

433

476

530

596

640.0

Poblacion

4714

5,270

5578

6136

6826

7680

510.0

Sabang

1543

1,636

1732

1905

2119

2384

1500.0

Salipsip

454

646

684

752

837

941

1980.0

Sibulan

3113

3,612

3823

4206

4679

5264

1880

Taluong

1598

1,670

1768

1944

2163

2434

550.0

Tamulaya

385

487

515

567

631

710

the table shows the official result for census year 2000 and 2007 and the population projection for the years 2010, 2015, 2020, and 2025 at an annual growth rate of 2.0% per annum.

            Source: NSO, Provincial Office, Lucena City

Table No. 5

Total Population of Polillo, Quezon

Enumerated in Various Censal Year

Year

Population

Increase

In Population

Total Growth

Rate in %

Annual Growth

Rate in %

1903

2164

     

1918

4245

2081

49.02237927

3.268158618

1939

8084

3839

47.4888669

2.261374614

1948

7576

-508

-6.705385428

-0.745042825

1960

11978

4402

36.75070963

3.062559136

1970

16721

4743

28.36552838

2.836552838

1975

20058

3337

16.63675342

3.327350683

1980

20565

507

2.465353756

0.493070751

1990

23183

2618

11.29275762

1.129275762

1995

24626

1443

5.859660521

1.171932104

2000

24105

-521

-2161377308

-0.432275462

2007

27,912

3807

13.64

1.9485714228

Source: NSO, Provincial Office, Lucena City

Table No. 6

  AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE – 1903 TO 2000

     

AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE

YEAR IONTERVAL 

GROWTH RATE

Average Annual Growth since

1903- 1948

1.637295622

Average Annual Growth Rate;

1948 - 2000

1.655495116

Average Annual Growth Rate;

1960 - 2000

1.420984446

Average Annual Growth Rate;

1970 - 2000

1.137870768

Average Annual Growth Rate;

1975 - 2000

0.590500789

Average Annual Growth Rate;

1980 - 2000

0.622977468

Average Annual Growth Rate;

1990 - 2000

0.369828321

Average Annual Growth Rate;

1995 - 2000

-0.432275462

Average Annual Growth Rate;

2000-2007

1.948571428

In terms of population density, the Poblacion registered the greatest followed by Sabang.  The rest registered a density of less than 1 person per hectare.  These figures present a relatively low range compared to the national and other municipalities in Region IV and even within the Province of Quezon.  So far, Polillo is one of the least dense municipalities in the Philippines.

           Based in the 2007 municipal census, the total number of persons below fifteen (15) years old is 10,387 or 42.2 percent of the total population, and the total number of persons above 15 years old but not over 64 years old is 13,356 or 54.2 percent of the total population.  This bracket is categorized as productive age group.  The total number of persons aged 65 and above is 883 or 3.6 percent of the total.  Given these figures, the dependency rate is roughly 1:1.8, which means that one non-productive individual is supposed by every two (2) working of earning individual.  This rate is relative low and favorable to the municipality in general.

Using the same date, it has been noted that there are 12,680 males and 11,946 females.  This shows male population outnumbered the female population by 734.Using the official NSO survey in 1990, Polillo has a total labor force of 6.475.  Around 91.74 percent 6,277 are employed either in agriculture, fishing, transportation, and private and government offices while there are 583 who are not employed giving a rate of 8.6 percent for unemployed.

GENERAL ECONOMIC PROFILE

Polillo is an agricultural municipality.  The principal economic activity is farming.  In terms of land area, about 17,014.6 hectares are devoted to crop production, which represent 59.18 percent of its total land area.

Agriculture

Coconut plantation registered the highest with 95.4 percent utilization rate of total agricultural lands.  This is followed by rice with 4.44 percent.  Crop land occupies 0.16 percent, which is generally planted to banana, as the most popular crop, and secondary crop such as cassava, sweet potato, taro and yam.

It registered a total area 16,238.90, planted to coconut broken down into 14,861.90 hectares or 91.52 percent bearing and 1,377 hectares or 8.5 percent for non-bearing.

Normal coconut production in the area is 45 nuts per tree per year.  This is equivalent to 106,952,400 nuts per year.  However, due to typhoons Katring and Rosing that hit the area in 1995, dramatic reduction in the production of coconut was noted.  This cut down the production by 20 percent of the normal yearly harvest for the year 1995.

In terms of rice production, about 1114 hectares are planted to palay.  Total production yield is 4.672 MT and average yield of 4.52 MT..  Of this, 718 hectares are irrigated lands yielding Total production yield is 3.246 MT and average yield of 4.52 MT while the remaining 396 hectares are rain fed areas yielding Total production yield is 1.426 MT and average yield of 3.6 MT.  

Table no.7

Area planted to Crops.

CROPS

AREA

(HECTARES)

% to TOTAL

AGRICULTURAL AREA

% to TOTAL

LAND AREA

Rice

750.3

4.41%

2.62%

Coconut

16318.5

95.91%

56.76%

Other crops

(Calamansi, Coffee, Black

Pepper, Citrus, etc.)

27.8

0.16%

0.96%

TOTAL

17096.6

100.48%

60.34%

Table No. 8

Livestock and Poultry

Livestock/Poultry

No. of Heads

Cattle

213.00

Carabao

1,553.00

Goat

157.00

Chicken (Native, Layers and Broilers)

12,372.00

                                                                                               TOTAL

14,295.00

Source:   Office of the Municipal Agriculturist

 Polillo, Quezon

Commerce, Trade & Industry

There are more than 350 commercial establishments listed in the Office of the Municipal Treasurer.  Of this 280 or 77.4 percent are found in the rural barangays while only70 or 22.6 percent are located in the Poblacion.  Wholesale and retail mostly sari sari stores, constitute the majority of the establishments representing 306 or 80.3 percent.  Manufacturing and processing industries with a total of 54 or 14.2 rank second.  Social and personal services with only 8 or 2.1 percent, comes third. 

Most commercial establishments are located in the vicinity of the existing market area at Purok 2, Poblacion where about 30 or 35 percent are located within a radius of 100 meters.  Other establishments ate interspersed along residential houses in small group of 2 or 3 of the same types like general merchants in Sampaguita district, hardware along M.H. Del Pilar St, and vegetables stall elsewhere.

There is no existing large manufacturing or processing industry in the locality.  A bid logging and sawmill company, the universal timber corporation, was closed in 1986 leaving a 4 hectares compound now become a housing unit.

A number of furniture shops, which are mostly unregistered numbering about 50 operators. Produce narra furniture sold outside Polillo.  Due to scarcity of this premium wood, the owners are now producing articles made out of soft wood.

A handful of hat, mat and fan weavers produce quality products but due to lack of marketing outlets, production is mostly in an order basis.

Table No.9

Number of Business Establishments (2008)

Type of Commercial

Establishments

Number

A.  Agriculture

 

                 Farm 

N/S

B.  Manufacturing

 

                 Bakery/Bakeshop 

6

                 Garments/Embroidery

3

                 Feeds/Rice/Coffee Mills

8

                 Metal Craft/Iron Works

3

                 Other Manufacturing Firms

3

C.  Construction                   

5

D.  Wholesale and Retail

 

             GeneralMerchandizing/Trading

14

             Sari-Sari Store

103

             Agricultural Feeds/Veterinary 

3

E.  Transportation, Storage and Communication      

120

F.  Financing and Real Estate

 

             Financing/Credit/Loans

3

             Lesser

 

             Banks

1/ CLOSED

G.  Social and Personal Services                

 

             Dress/Tailor Shops 

3

Beauty Parlor/Barbers Shops

6

             Photo Centers 

3

             Funeral Parlors 

4

             Eateries/Restaurants

5

             Refreshments

3

             Canteen      

2

H.  Video Tape Rentals

3

I.    Medical/Dental

2

J.   Educational Institutions/KINDER

3

K.  Educational Institutions/Multilevel

24

M.  Vulcanizing/Auto/Welding 

3

N.  Amusement/Recreation/Sports

12

O.  Slaughterhouse

1

Natural Resources

                       Forestry Resources - There are about fourteen thousand four hundred seventy-seven (14,477) hectares of alienale and disposable land in this municipality.  There are 10,522 hectares classified as timberland.  About 1,840 hectares are classified as forest reserve.  About 375 hectares are classified, as mangrove and swamps and about 1,013 hectares are still unclassified.  The total area of forestry resource is about 28,227.00 hectares.

                      Out of the total timberland 1,520.310 hectares have been awarded to its occupants through stewardship contract under the Integrated Social Forestry Program of DENR.

Table No. 10

Forestry Resources

Land Classification

Area Occupied

(In hectares)

 Alienable and Disposable

14,447.00

Timberland

10,522.00

 Forest Reserve

1,840.00

 Unclassified

1,013.00

Mangrove and Swamps

375.00

Total

28,227.00

Mineral Resources

It is believed that Polillo has gold deposits at Barangay Pinaglubayan.  This was proven by residents of that barangay who were engaged in gold panning.  However, no concrete study has ever been made to disclose and to record specific data as to the volume and location of the deposits.  The same case with the Nickel deposits, which many believed, is present at Barangay Kalubakis.

Presences of non-metallic minerals like limestone are evident along seaside and coal is found in Barangay Kalubakis as well.

Table No. 11 

Mineral Resources

Type of Minerals

Location

EstimatedVolume of Deposit (m/t)

Status

I. Metallic

     

     1. Gold

Brgy. Pinaglubayan

Undetemined

No Operation

     2. Copper

Brgy. Pinaglubayan

Undetemined

No Operation

     3. Iron

Brgy. Pinaglubayan

Undetemined

No Operation

     4. Manganese

Brgy. Pinaglubayan

Undetemined

No Operation

     5. Nickel 

Brgy. Kalubakis

No. Data available

No Operation

       

II. Non-Metallic

     

     1. Sand Gravel and Earth

All barangays

No. Data available

No Operation

2. Stones, Cobbles &     Boulders

All barangays

No. Data available

No Operation

     3. Coral rocks,

All barangays

No. Data available

No Operation

     4. Limestone

Seaside Brgys.

No. Data available

No Operation

     5. Quicklime

Seaside Brgys

No. Data available

No Operation

     6. Limestone for Industry 

Seaside Brgys.

No. Data available

No Operation

     7. Limestone for Agriculture

Seaside Brgys

No. Data available

No Operation

     8. Slaked or Hydrated Lime

Seaside Brgys.

No. Data available

No Operation

     9. Silica Sand

Seaside Brgys

No. Data available

No Operation

    10. White Clay

Seaside Brgys.

No. Data available

No Operation

    11. Rock Lime 

Seaside Brgys

No. Data available

No Operation

    12. Coal 

Brgy. Kalubakis

No. Data available

No Operation

Aquatic Resources

          Because of its depth, the water in the eastern part of Polillo is very ideal for various sea sports, fishing and other sea activities.  The 25,000 hectares of coral reef that surrounds the whole municipality is very rich in resources like fish of various species that range from aquarium to edible and commercial types.

Several species of clams, shrimps and lobster can be found in the municipal water.  Cores food along barangays of Libjo, Languyin, Pamatdan, and Canicanian are potentials for culturing lapu-lapu, sea weeds and even oyster.  Pearl culture is also feasible.

The availability and abundance of mother of pearl along Polillo waters can make pearl culture a likely profitable business venture.

Tourism

Polillo has great potential for tourism development, it being endowed with beautiful and clean beaches and clear, unpolluted calm waters.

Particular areas for deep diving sprees re the surrounding of Polillo reef in Malabonbon and the Katawian reefs.

Another eccentric feature in the island is the Coccoc rocks, which is famous for its beautiful and serene atmosphere and which is ideal for picnics and sea shell hunting.  Plain sightseeing is enjoyable too.

The Balesin Island is the only developed tourist spot in Polillo.  The place offers like golf course, horse riding arena and firing range.  The island is also famous for its white sand and clean waters which is very ideal for swimming.  Sea sports could also be enjoyed in the waters like scuba diving, wind surfing and skiing.

Amenities for small group conferences and private are also available. Balesin Island is about three (3) hours away by boat from the town proper.

HOWEVER on the passing of the original owner of the resort the maintenance has been neglected. Hence it must be given consideration to revive the place.

In terms of facility,  the Seahorse Hotel, located at the heart of town proper. Can be a place of ideal gathering, however the mgt. Must put some strategy to revive it former fame .

Polillo is also home of endangered species work seeing. Especially on its hiking trails to mt. Malolod, the islands highest peak.

Polillo also have hiden falls as the Tamulaya, Languyin and Binibitinan falls.

Worth seeing is the town fiesta which host the etnic cultures of the municipality.

BASIC BRGY. DATA

Barangays

Dist.  fr.  Poblacion (Km.)

No. of Voters 07

Pop'n.

2000

Pop'n.

2007

Area (has.)

Popn density

pers/ha

Barangay Captains

1. Anawan

12

436

566

777

436

1.78

Josefino Peńamante

2. Atulayan

1

591

975

1,182

591

 

Arnel Bulilan

3. Balesin

30

385

802

797

385

 

Francisco Nalansan

4. Bańadero

0.5

711

1020

1,893

711

 

Sanny Marasigan

5. Binibitinan

30

470

898

1,078

470

 

Anita A. Inolpe

6. Bislian

16

812

1346

1,382

812

 

Merlin V. Estuita

7. Bucao

4

360

656

779

360

 

Reynaldo Encanto

8. Canicanian

18

347

797

863

347

 

Ruben Fuertes

9. Kalubakis

12

461

755

767

461

 

Edwin Susa

10. Languyin

34

714

1565

1,980

714

 

Isarme Acuavera

11. Libjo

1.5

487

861

1,065

487

 

Alex Almirez

12.Pamatdan

20

478

999

969

275

 

Nestor P. Castro

13.Pilion

16

383

638

650

478

 

Cipriano Susa Jr.

14. Pinaglubayan

8

275

420

409

383

 

Pascual Laroza

15. Poblacion

0

3163

4714

5,270

3, 163

 

Reynaldo Portales

16. Salipsip

16

357

1543

1,636

357

 

Natalio C. Azul

17. Sabang

8

865

454

646

865

 

Nicolas D. Tena

18. Sibulan

1

1550

3113

3,612

1550

 

Germino Culata

19. Taluong

24

828

1598

1,670

828

 

Hernardo Cuerdo

20. Tamulaya

6

312

385

487

312

 

Julito D. Sagun 

TOTAL

 

14285

24105

27912

27408.6

   

Local Goverment

 

Set of Government

1 Mun. Bldg. @ Corner San Jose St. and Mabini St.
18 Brgy. Hall

Workforce

12 Elective
56 Permanent
2 Temporary
24 Special Project
1 Co – terminus
Total - 95       
33- personnel Detailed to MLGU
from Nat'l and Prov'l Office